Monday, November 6, 2006
BIM is certainly changing the way buildings are designed and constructed, but is it changing how they're operated and maintained? There is a lot of interest in the industry around using building information for FM (facilities management), but how does this really work? Do the benefits of BIM extend to FM?
Yes they do. This month's article focuses on methods for facility managers and FM applications to take advantage of the consistent, coordinated building information that comes from a BIM.
Interoperability, FM and BIM
In 2004, NIST (the National Institute of Standards and Technology) undertook a study to estimate the efficiency losses in the U.S. capital facilities industry (commercial, institutional buildings and industrial facilities). The study reported that the annual cost (in 2002) associated with inadequate interoperability among computer-aided design, engineering and software systems was $15.8 billion.
The study reported that owners and operators shoulder almost two-thirds of that cost as a result of ongoing facility operation and maintenance. These statistics are borne out in the day-to-day activities of facility managers, including manually updating occupancy reports, calculating area for space charge-backs by counting ceiling tiles, digging through stacks of building documentation to find the maintenance manual for water heater and searching in vain for an as-built floor plan, only to find they never received it in the first place.
But the lack of interoperability highlighted in the NIST study is only part of the problem. Is the data trapped in those computer systems studied worth sharing? We tend to overlook the issue of data quality, glossing over the unfortunate truth that the data produced by conventional design software is often unreliable and thus not worth the effort required to share it. In contrast, the hallmark of BIM is coordinated, consistent, computable information about a building project -- information that's worth sharing and reusing.
Facility managers use DWF technology to move the coordinated, consistent, reliable space and room data being delivered from the Autodesk Revit building information model into Autodesk FMDesktop.
Therefore, owners and operators can mitigate their portion of the cost associated with the lack of interoperability cited above by using the high-quality building information from a BIM design process during the longer, more expensive maintenance and operation phase of the building's lifecycle. To that end, Autodesk has used DWF technology to link Autodesk Revit and Autodesk FMDesktop, Autodesk's suite of applications for organizing and reporting facility-related information. For more on DWF and BIM, see last month's column.
DWF-Based Space Management
DWF is a technology platform developed by Autodesk to distribute and communicate design information, without losing critical data and without the recipient needing to know -- or even have -- the native design software. In that framework, Autodesk FMDesktop reads DWFs published from Revit and automatically interprets space and room data, without the FMDesktop user needing Revit software.
Contrast this approach with the typical CAFM (computer-aided facilities management) process. The facility manager scans paper floor plans (or sometimes imports electronic CAD files) for use within the CAFM application. The electronic floor plans are then used as backdrops to create polylines (closed loops composed of line and arc segments) that define an area and identify room numbers to name that area. The time it takes to manually "polyline" a typical commercial building can stretch from days to weeks -- a typical 75,000 sq. ft., three-story office building might take four to five days to "polyline". This chore has spawned an entire cottage industry of "polylining" services. By using DWFs to move building data from Revit to FMDesktop, Autodesk has made this reliance on labor-intensive, manual creation of polylines obsolete.
Traditionally, architects have had difficult choices to make when their clients asked for help getting design data into their CAFM systems. They could say "No," use high rates to dissuade the client, or agree to do tedious manual entry or complicated database transfers at low margin for the sake of a client relationship. But now, architects using Revit Building can simply publish their BIM to DWF and e-mail the file to their clients who use FMDesktop. The client imports the DWF file into FMDesktop, which reads the room boundaries, room areas, room numbers and descriptions from the DWF; compares them to the existing database; warns the client about new and removed rooms; and then updates the CAFM model. There's no need for polyline services or database transfers.
In addition, DWF files can be generated from a variety of design systems using Autodesk's free DWF Writer. For non-Revit applications, there may be some manual data cleansing required by the facility manager, depending on the quality of the data coming from the design tool and the fidelity of its data transfer to DWF. But the end result is that owners and operators who use FMDesktop can consolidate data from multiple sources -- taking advantage of data coming from different architects and contractors who've worked on different properties, or renovated spaces using different authoring tools.
Facility managers can then use the simple tools in FMDesktop to generate their own color-diagram room reports and their own floor plans with room numbers, areas, occupant names and the like without calling the architect -- unless it's time to move a wall. And, if that time comes, DWF also facilitates the return of updated information back to the architect's Revit BIM. For example, the facility manager can redline the DWF to highlight modified room numbers or room types, and e-mail the DWF back to the architect.
Autodesk FMDesktop reads DWFs published by Autodesk Revit and automatically interprets space and room data -- eliminating the need for manual creation of polylines.
Acceptance of BIM for FM
With the increasing use of BIM for design, the owner and operator's use of that building information for facilities management is becoming more commonplace and more anticipated. Consider these examples:
Government agencies such as the U.S. GSA now require the delivery of spatial program information from BIMs for major projects that are receiving design funding in Fiscal Year 2007 and beyond.
To facilitate lifecycle building process integration and sharing digital datasets, the National Institute of Building Sciences formed a committee in early 2006 to create a National Building Information Model Standard to provide a common model for describing facility information.
The AIA is considering how to modify their contract documents to codify the transfer of a BIM, putting in place an agreement structure whereby the BIM and the intellectual property it represents can flow naturally from the architect to the owner and operator. The facilities manager can then get better data to manage a building from the most appropriate source of that data -- the architect who designed the building.
Benefits of BIM for FM
The benefits of using BIM during building design have been well publicized and are fueling its adoption rate amongst architects worldwide -- transforming their drawing-based processes to model-based processes. The benefits of using information from a building model for facilities management are likewise compelling and continue to fuel the discussion surrounding building lifecycle management and nudging facilities management towards model-based processes.
Last month's article was all about the advantages of digitally sharing the right building information with the right target audience. In the context of a building's total lifecycle, facility managers make up the bulk of that target audience, and they're now beginning to take advantage of the reliable building information being created by BIM solutions.
By linking Autodesk Revit and Autodesk FMDesktop, facility managers can immediately realize several significant benefits. Using room data from the Revit design model eliminates costs associated with the manual creation of polylines. DWF technology minimizes the frustration of cobbling together disparate building data from multiple design sources. But most importantly, facility managers can rest easy -- confident in their use of the coordinated, consistent, reliable data being delivered from the BIM.
Friday, July 22, 2016
ReverseEngineering.com has recently released a HIPP 2016 add-on for ANSYS SpaceClaim and SpaceClaim Direct Modeler
Wednesday, July 20, 2016
A team of Stanford researchers has recently added a level of automation to the existing process of collecting reliable building information with the aid of 3D scanners.
Wednesday, June 29, 2016
3D scanning technology is still relatively new compared to touch probing and other metrology and non-destructive testing methods. But according to a recent report from MarketsandMarkets, the 3D scanner market is on the rise.
Monday, June 6, 2016
Autodesk has finally allowed its photogrammetry software Memento to shed its beta skin and evolve into a full-blown piece of commercial software
Friday, June 3, 2016
Whether you're recording historical sites for preservation or mapping out older buildings for operations purposes, laser scanning has a big role to play in architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) and building information modeling (BIM).
Friday, May 27, 2016
Augmented reality (AR) is a technology that allows you to superimpose computer-generated images created in CAD or building information modeling (BIM) software onto a user’s view of the real world, which creates a composite or augmented view.
Monday, April 18, 2016
Point clouds are notoriously unwieldy things. With millions of individual points converging to create a model, it can be a time-consuming task to convert a point cloud into a usable rendering.
Thursday, March 17, 2016
LAKE MARY, Fla. -- FARO Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ: FARO), the world's most trusted source for 3D measurement, imaging, and realization technology, announces the launch of the FARO Early Adopter (EA) Program.
Monday, April 16, 2012
Camera design and manufacturing company, NCTech, is today launching the world’s first fully automatic instant 360º panoramic camera at SPAR International 2012 in Texas.
Monday, April 16, 2012
PARIS, April 16, 2012 Trimble (NASDAQ:TRMB) today introduced three new solutions for heavy civil construction professionals, the Trimble® Connected Office, the Trimble Connected Controller and the Trimble Connected Machine.
Wednesday, February 15, 2012
Every year, wastewater managers must make decisions about which portions of their collection system should be maintained, rehabilitated or replaced.
Thursday, February 9, 2012
FARO Introduces Next Generation Focus3D Laser Scanner
Wednesday, February 22, 2012
ORLANDO, Fla. – If any presentation here at the FARO 3D Documentation Conference truly got attendees thinking it was Tuesday’s talk by Tom Kurke and Michael Weinberg.
Monday, July 27, 2009
Certified Associate and Certified Professional exams now available for newest versions of AutoCAD, Autodesk Inventor, Autodesk Revit Architecture, and AutoCAD Civil 3D Software
Friday, June 15, 2007
STANDARD METHOD FOR MEASURING FLOOR AREA IN OFFICE BUILDINGS Q and A
Thursday, February 15, 2007
3D Laser Mapping, the UK based specialists in laser measurement technology and software, is helping Kumba Iron Ore to improve the safety of iron ore extraction in South Africa.
Monday, February 12, 2007
Architects should use caution when giving record drawings to clients and when creating “as-built” drawings. Examples of provisional language that might be used to mitigate the risk involved with “as- built” drawings are included.
Wednesday, January 17, 2007
Measuring Floor Area for Commercial Leases
Monday, January 15, 2007
3D Laser Mapping has launched a mobile mapping system designed to capture asbuilt 3D measurements of overhead telecom networks.
Wednesday, January 10, 2007
EXTON, PA., January 4 /CNW/ - Bentley Systems, Incorporated today announced Bentley OnSite, breakthrough software that connects the worlds of civil engineering design and construction.
Wednesday, December 13, 2006
CALGARY, Alberta, December 13, 2006 - GiveMePower Corporation (OTCBB: GMPW), today launched two new ultra-mobile computing solutions for building surveying and inspection, construction area estimating and reporting, and facilities asset and information management.
Wednesday, November 29, 2006
3D Laser Mapping has launched StreetMapper 2, a new modular vehicle-mounted system for rapid 3D mapping on and off road. The portable system uses lasers to 3D map assets and the landscape to millimeter accuracy at speeds of up to 70 km an hour.
Tuesday, November 8, 2005
Autodesk, Inc. (Nasdaq: ADSK) today announced support for Microsoft Visual Studio 2005, the .NET Framework 2.0 and Microsoft SQL Server 2005. Autodesk and Microsoft work together across many technology areas.
Monday, November 6, 2006
BIM is certainly changing the way buildings are designed and constructed, but is it changing how they're operated and maintained?
Thursday, November 2, 2006
Prime Edge Asbuilt Services today announced that it is underway to develop a full set of business applications for use by of professionals within construction, property management and design industries.
Saturday, October 21, 2006
Preparing for the changes of aging, including declining mobility, is also a concern.
Tuesday, October 12, 2010
It is almost given that at some point or throughout the project you will be hiring an Architect and a General Building Contractor to design and build what you have in mind. This article is written with homeowner in mind as a guideline for a very interesting and education experience of remodeling your house which waits ahead of you. First thing that you as a homeowner should understand is the fact that construction project you are about to begin is complex.
Tuesday, October 10, 2006
Autodesk, Inc. (Nasdaq: ADSK)today announced the launch of the Autodesk FMDesktop Product Suite, a powerful, easy-to-use software solution for facilities management.
Monday, October 9, 2006
Ranal Software Solutions – one of the leading PLM products and service providers, and part of the Ranal Group – has launched CAMeLEAN®/PM, in India. CAMeLEAN®/PM is a complete project management suite that guides organizations through the entire project management lifecycle.
Friday, September 15, 2006
Most contractors know that next to the finished product, the as-builts documentation is essential part of a construction project. As-builts are the final blueprint drawings which reflect changes made in the field during the construction of a new structure or an addition to an existing.
Monday, August 21, 2006
FeaturePics.com, an emerging stock photography web site, which have been serving photographing community since 2004 had agreed to work on the development of new stock photography interface with Prime Edge Asbuilt Services, a professional service in SF Bay Area serving a network of Architects, Homeowners and General Contractors.
Monday, April 3, 2006
Autodesk, Inc. (NASDAQ: ADSK), today announced it has completed the acquisition of Constructware, a privately held company based in Alpharetta, Georgia that provides on-demand communication and collaboration solutions that streamline design, construction and facility management. The acquisition, announced on February 7, 2006, closed for cash consideration of US $46 million (see press release).
Friday, March 24, 2006
Autodesk Revit Building 9, Revit Structure 3, ADT 2007, Autodesk Building Systems 2007, Autodesk VIZ 2007 launched.
Tuesday, April 5, 2005
As-builts – Problems & Proposed Solutions
Friday, May 28, 2004
Measuring square footage is not always an exact science. There are a number of rentable square footage measurement standards commonly used in the commercial real estate market.
Friday, January 31, 1997
The American National Standard for measuring floor area in office buildings is changing. The new version (officially labeled ANSI/BOMA Z65.1-1996) is an improved method designed to meet the current and future needs of the many industry professionals concerned with the measurement of office buildings.
Thursday, July 9, 2009
In his inaugural speech the new President made many references to using our natural resources more wisely, to reducing our carbon and water footprints, and investing in smart electric grids and other similar new energy-efficient technologies. Energy conservation and sustainability are top priorities and efforts are underway in many states to reinforce that--many offering fast tracked permitting to those projects that are "green".
Wednesday, July 22, 2009
Leica Geosystems announces the immediate availability of Leica CloudWorx™ 1.0 for SmartPlant 3D. This powerful and easy-to-learn point cloud solution is designed for Intergraph SmartPlant 3D users who want to take full advantage of accurate, laser scan as-built data directly in SmartPlant 3D.